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This is an outstanding city.
But you don't just take.
You've got to build.

Fran Deacon

Wife of the late Fraser Deacon,
Founder of Toronto Foundation

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Work

Before the pandemic, Canadian unemployment rates were among the lowest on record.70 But the spread of COVID-19 and the subsequent lockdowns brought a massive surge in unemployment. After the 2008–09 global financial crisis, it took until June 2016 for the unemployment rate to return below its pre-recession levels in Toronto.71 During the last recovery, Toronto became increasingly reliant on temporary, low-wage, precarious jobs without sick leave, benefits, and training.72 Racialized workers, young people, and women with young children have been among the most severely affected by increasing precarious work over the last decade and have also been the most likely to lose their jobs during the public health crisis.

An inclusive workforce can help build a more resilient city. Are we prepared to rethink how we value work in Toronto and invest in jobs and access to employment that are future proof?

KEY INSIGHTS
  • Toronto had the highest unemployment rate in the country in September calculated using a three-month moving average, though the unemployment rate was lower in September compared to the summer.
  • People working low-wage, temporary, and multiple jobs have had the biggest reductions in hours and the corresponding pay, while high-income workers are putting in more hours than ever.
  • Unlike in previous recessions, job losses have been concentrated among women, and women with children are not recovering their hours, even as many other workers are getting back to work.
  • BIPOC Canadians have unemployment rates almost twice as high as white Canadians.
  • The youth unemployment rate tripled to its highest level ever and is remaining persistently high for BIPOC youth, especially for males.
  • The government is phasing in a replacement for CERB via changes to employment insurance, and the success of that will shape the future of the recovery.

Nonprofit Leaders


“Before, the focus was sometimes on taking the training and getting the job. Now, we’re building more of a continuum of training and getting as many skills as one can.”

Nancy Martin, Executive Director, Miziwe Biik Aboriginal Employment and Training


“We need to take a trauma-informed approach. We take a 360 of an individual’s life and tackle whatever barriers that they might be facing to employment one by one, and no one is ever treated with a cookie-cutter way of handling pain.”

Agapi Gessesse, Executive Director, CEE Centre for Young Black Professional


“When we’re in difficult times, when we’re trying to work through complex ideas, artists can help us really be laser-focused on what matters, and assess and encourage us to have open dialogue, encourage us to reflect. The arts are necessary in the good times, but even more so in the difficult times.”

Alica Hall, Executive Director, Nia Centre for the Arts


“Reliable access to technology and internet is no longer a luxury. It’s an essential for education.”

Eugenia Addy, CEO, Visions of Science


“CERB was important in stabilizing the economy and ensuring that people stay at home to reduce the transmission of COVID, but it was a protection of those with recent labour market attachment. Those who are lower-income and who are on social assistance received much fewer federal supports.”

Garima Talwar Kapoor, Director of Policy and Research, Maytree


“Disease epidemics are not new for Indigenous people. There’s a deep history of disease epidemics here in Turtle Island, and so there’s a lot of intergenerational trauma being triggered right now by the COVID-19 pandemic.”

Jeffrey Schiffer, Executive Director, Native Child and Family Services of Toronto


“It’s always cyclical attention for the Black community.”

Liben Gebremikael, Executive Director, TAIBU Community Health Centre


“There’s a growing inequity. People with wealth, space, time and the ability to support students at home can create these consistent rhythms. They are going to be able to learn, while other kids aren’t.”

Michael Carlson, Educator, Kapapamahchakwew – Wandering Spirit School


“Parks in underserved neighbourhoods often don’t fit the needs of the people who live around them. They are flat expanses of grass that lack infrastructure, few benches to sit on, no shelter or shade, no lights after dark, unstable paths to walk on, no barbeque pits, and old, rusty playgrounds that need to be replaced.”

Minaz Asani-Kanji, Manager of Outreach, Park People


“Nobody who is not white and wealthy wants to go back to the way things were before, because a lot of the issues that we’re talking about in COVID pre-existed for a lot of communities.”

Mohini Datta-Ray, Executive Director, North York Women’s Shelter


“Many racialized communities don’t have the luxury a 100-year history as a nonprofit or an organization with many locations and reach. I think we need to move out of that thinking of it being higher risk and find ways to mitigate that risk by enabling smaller grassroots organizations.”

Neethan Shan, Executive Director, Urban Alliance on Race Relations


“The benefits of having the lodge are going to be multiple, for not only the women, but also the community, because we’re not going to have women going out and being so desperate that they reoffend. A lot of these offences are based out of the fact that these women are living in poverty.”

Patti Pettigrew, Founder and Executive Director, Woman Healing Lodge Society


“These wicked problems, like poverty and food insecurity and homelessness, have long been offloaded or dumped on to charitable organizations that don’t have the capacity to solve them.”

Paul Taylor, Executive Director, FoodShare Toronto


“Large new builds can displace people from a neighbourhood they have been living in for a long time, because they can no longer afford the neighbourhood. People are being fully displaced from their networks as they move farther outside of the city.”

Phylicia Davis-Wesseling, Founder and Program Manager, KGO Adult Literacy


“We took a calculated risk in order to secure desperately needed affordable units by buying the property without all the construction funding.”

Steve Teekens, Executive Director, Na-Me-Res


“We need to structure education in ways that make sense for everyone and for communities like ours at Jane and Finch that’s been one of the hardest hit by COVID. How do we create an in-school learning experience where students are not afraid to come to school and get COVID.”

Tesfai Mengesha, Executive Director, Success Beyond Limits


“A lot of services are now being offered by phone or virtually, but sometimes there are families that don’t have those resources.”

Ekua Asabea Blair, CEO, Massey Centre

Learn how you can take action now to support an equitable recovery with community-driven solutions at the forefront.